Wednesday, 19 June 2013

Stem cell


An advanced approach in Stem Cell Therapy
Pratikshita Mishra*
Department of Pharmacology
Rajiv Academy for Pharmacy, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

Stem cell therapy is emerging as a potentially revolutionary new way to treat disease and injury, with wide-ranging medical benefits. It aims to repair damaged and diseased body-parts with healthy new cells provided by stem cell transplants. Disease and disorders with no therapies or at best, partially effective ones are the lure of the pursuit of stem cell research. Recently a plethora of work has been done in this field in world around including India. However, Stem cell research presents many ethical and scientific questions as well as future challenges. Nevertheless, stem cell therapy, a prologue to an era of medical discovery of cell-based therapies that will one day restore function to those whose lives are now challenged every day, is still at the beginning of the road.

Keywords- Stem cell, adult stem cell, stem cell therapy, embryonal stem cell, pluripotent stem cells.

INTRODUCTION:
Stem cell research has emerged as the most vibrant biological research activity. This is evidently a reflection of the fact that these cells have the capacity of self renewal and the potential to differentiate into one or more cell types depending on the signals in vivo. The applications of such cells clearly go beyond medical imagination, as they can possibly be used in the treatment of diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, heart disorders, spinal cord injuries or for development of in vitro assay system for drug discovery and toxicity or for understanding basic developmental process.
Patients may have concerns about adverse reactions to the stem cell transplants. The most common reactions to the treatment are fever, headache, leg pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, and allergic reactions. Less than four percent of patients e xperience any of these symptoms.
 
 
Figure  Showing stem cell as a pluripotent cell

Stem cell cultivation